30. Sando 31. Stakchi 32. Khangral 33. Sanjug and 34. Hartaass.
In the following villages, Shina is the major language. Purki comes second.
1. Jhanigund 2. Kharboo 3. Shumsha 4. Thangskam 5. Thanthal Thang 6. Bembat 7. Stakboo 8. Goshen 9. Muratbag 10. Pandrass 11. Karkit 12. Karkij Jhoo and 13. Kasksar.
Kashmiri and Purki are spoken in descending order in the following villages:
1. Matain 2. Nilgrat and 3. Qull.
Purki and Brokskat are spoken in the following villages :

1. Zhilmoo, 2. Darhiks, 3. Garkoon, 4. Batalick, 5. Tha, 6. Hanoo and 7. Sharchai.

Villages where Ladakhi and Purki are spoken :

1. Jhoshoat, 2. Nubra, 3. Bugthang, 4. Turtun and 5. Chulunka4

0.3.  Background of the people

The second major language spoken in Ladakh district is Purki. This language is spoken by thirty three percent of the total population of Ladakh district5. The Purkis, though they are Tibetans, have mixed racially with the Dards to a great extent. They have embraced Islam. Thus the people who speak Ladakhi are Buddhists and those who speak Purki are Muslims. It is said locally that all the people of the Ladakh district were once Buddhists and that during Muslim rule people were converted to Islam. Their main occupation is agriculture.

0.4.  Earlier works

Though there are articles dealing with the Tibeto-Burman languages in general, no descriptive grammar describing the structure of Purki language in detail is available. The only available study is Grierson’s short out line of Purki structure in his Linguistic Survey of India, Vol. III Part I. The present study is the first grammar which describes the structure of Purki in detail.

0.5.  Background of data collection

The informants used for the collection of Purki data are educated and working as teachers in primary and secondary schools. They know both Urdu and English in addition to Purki and some of them know Kashmiri too. The dinformants selected are not old and not free from the influence of other languages. More than 30 percent off words collected are borrowed from Urdu and a little percentage of words from English. Since the ultimate objective of this study is education, it is necessary to take up for analysis a variety which is prestigeous and acceptable to the community. It is likely that the variety spoken by the educated class will have more acceptability. Therefore the data were elicited from the speech of educateed Purki speakers. The description presented is likely to be different in phonology in having less number of phonemes if data had been collected from an uneducated old Purki speaker.

0.6.  Organization of the grammar

Chapter I deals with the phonological aspects of Purki language. It presents the phonemic inventory and examples to show the phonemic contrast. It gives a detailed picture of various kinds of combinations of phonemes. Chapter 2 deals with phonemic changes of morphemic alternants. Chapter 3 consists of four major sections dealing with Noun Morphology, Verdb Morphology, Adjectives and Adverbs






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