and Derivation. Chapter 4 is concerned with the syntactic aspects of Purki language. The structure of phrases and sentences has been presented and rules have been given to show the relatedness between sentences. At the end, a text has been given with English translation. Instead of presenting rigorous formal analysis, we have stated the generalizations in terms of statements. However we have tried to incorporate the insights of both structural and transformational approaches. The underlying motivation for writing such a grammar is pedagogic.



The languages of Indo-Aryan and Dravidian also have this same word order, i.e., subject-object-verb (SOV) order.


Grierson (1971 : 42-50) says that Purki, according to the conception of Ladakhis extends from the Zoji Pass to Bhod-Kharbu and that it is closely related dto Balti and Ladakhi and it can be treated as the connecting link between the two. This name is derived from the name of the place Purik. Historically this region was in Ladakh and then it was transferred to Baltistan after the Dogra war, 1834-42. After 1947, this region forms a part of the Ladakh district which is in Jammu and Kashmir state.


Jh is pronounced as voiceless palatal affricate (c&)


These two villages were under Pakistan before the 1971 war. After the war, they have come under the Indian administration.


According to 1961 census, the total number of Purki speakers is 33,459+112 (in U.P). According to 1971 census, there are d40,136 Purki speakers.

1. PHONOLOGY                                 


Phonemic invaentories


           There are fortythree segmental phonemes in Purki out of which ten are vowel phonemes and thirty-three are consonant phonemes. Of the ten vowels five are short and five are long. Each short vowels five are short and five are long. Each short vowel has a corresponding long vowel. So it is possible to isolate the length and make it a phoneme. Then Purki will have six vowel phonemes. 5 short vowels and one length.

Front Central Back
High /i   u
Highermid e    
Low   a/  
Length /:/    



      As it has been pointed out in (1.1.1.) there are thirtythree consonant phonemes in Purki. The phoneme * is marginal and it has not been counted. If it is added, the number of phonemes would be thirty-four.

  /p b t d     k g   q  
  ph   th   th       kh        
          c   č          
          ch   čh            
      (f)   s z š ˛   h  
    m       n   ń        








Purki Index Page
FeedBack | Contact Us | Home
ciil grammar footer