Family of languages
     There are four major families of languages in India, viz, Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman. The languages spoken in Ladakh district belong to the Tibeto-Burman family of languages and the Indo-Aryan. Purki belongs to the former.

Tibeto-Burman family
      The languages of the Tibeto-Burman are spoken in Tibet in the north and extend upto Burma in the south. Starting from Baltistan in the west they extend to the Chinese provinces in the east. They belong to the larger family of Indo-Chinese. Indo-Chinese covers the Chinese Tai and the Burman family of languages. Tibeto-Burman is further subdivided into Western Tibetan, Central Tibetan, Southern Tibetan and North-eastern Tibetan. The following genealogical tree shows the place of purki in the Tibeto-Burman family.


Some features of Tibeto-Burman family
        The languages of the Tibeto-Burman family differ from the languages of the Chinese-Tai in certain respects. Unlike the languages of Chinese and Tai which have subject-verb-object (SVO) word order, the languages of the Tibeto-Burman family have the subject -object-verb (SOV) word order. Another significant feature that should be pointed out is the exdtensive use of auxiliasry words in Tibeto-Burman in order to connect the words of a sentence and to explain their mutual relationship.

Geographical distribution
     The dialect under analysis is spoken in the Ladakh district of Jammu and Kashmir. In the Ladakh district, Kargil tehsil is the area where Purki speakers are concentrated. Purki area starts from Zojila Pass and extendss upto Bhod-Kharbu, a village on the highway from Srinagar to Leh.2
      Purki is surrounded by the speakers of the Shina language and Brokskat language. These two languages belong to Indo-Aryan family. Most of the speakers of Shina and Brokskat languages are bilinguals in Purki. They use Shina and Brokskat in their respective villages and Purki when visiting Kargil for business and official purposes. Purki speakers have contact with Ladakhi speakerrs also. Ladakhi, another Tibeto Burman language of the district, is the majority language of the district spoken by sixdty percent of the total population.

     Purki is the major language in the following villages of the Ladakh district:

1. Kargil 2. Minji 3. Tripson 4. Salaskote 5. Lankenchai 6. Farona 7. Sankoo 8. Panikhar 9. Namsoo 10. Tehsuru 11. Khawas 122. Achambur 13. Parachik 14. Jhoskor3 15. Tambis 16. Kanoor 17. Safi 18. Batambis 19.Umba 20. Pushkum 21. Akchamal 22. Soath 23. Barchai 24. Apati 25. Yurbaltak 26. Shakar 27. Chicktan 28. Hagnis 29. Lamsu







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