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 oca1 sho2 ta- i-o3

drink-prp (= O )

  go3 to drink2 tea1  


aiho-no1 odzü da2 ta-i-e3

water beat-prp (= O )

  Daiho1 went3 to beat-water (=swim)2  
      The above are complex sentences. The conjunctive sense could also be expressed by the connective ye ‘and’ which would mean something like ‘additionally.’ The following are structured both around stative and nonstative verbs.


1.  pfo-hi1 osa dzü-e2 ye3 oha-te4
    he1 is short2 and3 is additionally very fat4


 losa-hi1 oso kra-e2 ye3 mamüi zhü-te4
    Losa1 is fair2 and3 is additionally comely4


 ai1 pfo2 he3 vu-e4 ye5 pfo-yi 6 da pi-e7
    I1 went4 to3 him2 and5 additionally beat7 him6 up7


 a1 na2 carü-we3 ye4 mozü-we5
    my1 child2 is thirsty3 and4 additionally hungry5


 iniu-na-i1 i-e2 ye3 mohiu moe4
    the village1 is small2 and3 additionally unclean 4

It need hardly be said that subjects of statives in compound conjunctive sentences need not be co referential because they are not clause-mates or are not bound in the same minimal clause :


1.  pfo-hi1 osa dzü-e2 ye3 pfo4 dzürieu5 oha-te6
    she1 is short2 and3 her4 (elder) brother5 is very fat6


 losa-hi1 oso kra-e2 ye3 pfo4 kasapüi5 mamüi zhü-e6
    Losa1 is fair 2 and3 her4 friend5 is comely6


ai1 carü-ie2 ye3 a4 pfo5 mozü-we6
    I1 am thirsty2 and3 my 4 father 5 is hungry6


 iniu-na-i1 i-e2 ye3 imeli4 mohiu5 mo-e6
    the village1 is small2 and3 Mao4 is5 not6 clean5

The Deverabl Noun
     The deverbal noun is of three kinds in Mao : a. the ground b. the abstract noun and c. the participial noun. The first two fall in one derivational-  

morphological out see copy class in that the last one becomes a noun at the second stage of derivation i.e., it is at two removes from the verb root whereas the first two become nouns after the first stage of derivation i.e., they are at one remove from the verb root. The third kind of deverbal noun has already been dealt with. An expository discussion ofd the other two kinds occupies this section.
The Gerund
     The Mao Naga gerund is derived from the verb root by the affixation of the phonologically conditioned ka#/ko- and -(ko)co, a- and -kolo16 , -o being suffixed further for past tense and -ru for future tense.  
      An overarching attribute of gerunds is the syntactic one of their occurence either as the sentential subject or as the direct object, which suggests the basically nominal nature of gerunds. Within such an overarching frame work, gerunds could be further nominal or verbal.
The Nominal Gerund

     The nominal gerund has the internal structure of an NP. It can take the number-gender marker, -na, the ordinal, the cardinal, the number markers ta and -khru, all of which are criterial properties of the Noun in Mao. Note also in the following examples that the nominal gerund can occur only in the direct object position.
199. 1.

 ai-no1 so-ka-ha-na-i2 sü-we3


I1 know (about)3 the killing2




 ai-no1 soka-ha2 { kosü mocu-na-i }3


{ kosü ta-hi }


{ kosü-khru-hi }


I1 know (about) 4 the { third }3


{ three (excl. pl.) }


{ three ( }



 It is not clear to me what kali signifies in examples like
  kazhie1 kozhü2 kali? -co2 tacü3 amolo-e4
  to pilot 2 planes1 may be4 difficult 3
  ai-no1 ni2 lopüi3 hipüi4 ta-o5 kali? -hi6 sü-lo-e7
  I1 came to know about7 your2 wanderings5 here4 and there3






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