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  5. Syntax

5.1. General remarks :


Lotha is a Subject-Object-Verb language. A sentence in Lotha consists of a noun phrase which functionsas the subject and the predicate phrase. There can be no sentence without a predicate. sometimes predicate itself may stand for a sentence. For example, imperative form itself can be a sentence, as in,
kì      rà     come home
home come
In the above sentence, subject is always second person singular which is understood. Predicate.phrase in turn may consist of a noun phrase or a verb phrase or both. However, in Lotha there can be a sentence without a verb if there is an interrogative word ló ?

mp ¡lò ?          Is he here ?
he here interrogative

In the equation type of sentence where a predicate phrase functions as a noun phrase, copula will not be used to link the subject with the predicate.

-y        són        I (am) old
I-nom     old
n-p       srà    he (is) tall
he-Dem   Base tall

If a noun is qualified by an adjective, the adjective comes after the noun. If a verb is qualified by an adverb, it occurs before the verb.

5.2. Types of phrases :
  A phrase is a group of words giving an incomplete meaning. It does not have a subject or predicate.

5.2.1. Noun phrase :
   A noun phrase may consist of a noun alone or followed by one or more attributes.

  kì mhm    good house
house good

If a numeral is used, it is added after the adjective.

kì mhm nì       two good houses
house good two

If a plural marker is added to the noun it is added to the whole noun phrase. If a numeral form is already there, the plural marker does not occur.

frò c       dogs or those dogs
dog that pl.
°kì c¢N           houses or those houses
house that pl.

Nouns denoting kinship take the plural marker directly if there is no modifier.

tá                   elder brother
tá-á ® ótá    elder brothers








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