
Numerals
thirty, forty and sixty can be segmented as follows :


t^{h}m
 allomorph of cardinal numeral three i.e. t^{h}m


Thirty
: 

rò
allomorph of cardinal numeral ten i.e. tárò 

t^{h}m
+ rò = tmrò
‘thirty’


Forty
: 

 allomorph of cardinal numeral four i.e. m
 rò allomorph of cardinal
numeral ten
i.e. tárò
+ rò = rò
forty


Sixty
: 

rók
 allomorph of cardinal numeral six i.e. trók
rò allomorph of cardinal numeral
ten i.e. tárò
rók + rò = rókrò ‘sixty’


Numerals
for twenty i.e. myùkyù and for fifty
i.e. tñán
are monomorphemic and are not segment able.


(2)
Numerals seventy, eighty and ninety are formed by the addition
of cardinal forms of numerals for seven, eight and nine,
this can be explained as follows : 

Seventy
: 

17
is a numeral in which there are two components i.e. 1 and
7. Component No. 1 is in the decimal position counting from
left to right, Hence, number ‘1’ is equal to ten, the first
component is seven, so 10 x 7 = 70. 

Example
k^{h}à
tíyì
= 10 x 7 ‘seventy’
Same rule can be applied to eighty and ninety


Examples
k^{h}à
tzà
= 10 x 8 = eighty
k^{h}à
tkù
= 10 x 9 = ninety


Numeral
form for ‘seventy one’ would be k^{h}à
tíyì
sì k^{h}à
‘seventy and one = Seventy one. Same rule is applicable
for other numerals also.
Numeral for ninety one is k^{h}à
tkù
sì ék^{h}à
10 x 9 + 1 like that it continues up to 99, the
word for 100 is nz
à, counting for 101 is done as hundred and one.


Examples
nz°à
s¢
®khà
hundred and one
nz°à
s¢
®nì
hundred and two


Cardinal
numerals referring to human beings have separate forms
i.e. nch°à
and ts«Ükà,
but the use of these forms is optional


Examples 
kyón ncgà
or kyón mótsà

one man

man one (person) 

kyón nc^{h}ù
nì
or kyón nì

two men etc.

man (person) two 

kyón nc^{h}ù
t^{h}m

three men

man (person) three 

kyón tskà

one man

man one 

kyón ótsk
nì

two persons

man (person) two 





In
the above examples nc^{h}à
and ótsk
are the full forms but nc^{h}ù
and tská
are the shorter forms. When an adjective is added to this
numeral, adjective comes before nc^{h}à.
