Download Karbi Book

Nominal in Karbi may be broadly divided into inherent and derived nouns. Inherent nouns are further classified into pronouns, nouns and numerals.
3.2.1 Pronouns

Pronouns show the distinction of person. They fall into three groups, viz., personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns and interrogative pronouns.
Personal Pronouns
A three-way distinction of person is made in personal pronouns. They are the first person, the second person and the third person. The first person pronoun refers to the speaker, the second person pronoun, the listener and the third person pronoun, others.

Honorific distinction is made in both the singular and plural forms in all the three persons. The honorific marker is -li and is added directly to the singular forms. The plural marker follows the honorific if the latter is present.
The plural forms are formed by adding the suffix -tum to the singular pronouns.
In first person plural, the distinction of inclusiveness and exclusiveness is made. In inclusiveness plural, the initial n- is dropped. Also the plural marker is optionally dropped in honorific inclusive plural. The first person honorific singular form is used by the speaker when the person addressed to or referred to are denoted with the honorific marker.
Gender distinction is made in third person.
  Singular Plural
I Person ne netum (Excl.)
    etum ~ itum

Honorific  neli nelitum (Excl.)
    elitum ~ ilitum
    eli ~ ili (Incl.)

II Person na natum



III Person    
Human ala alatum


Proximate  la (all noun) latum (Human,
    lahuy (Neuter)


Karbi Index Page
FeedBack | Contact Us | Home
ciil grammar footer