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     the first verb takes place. They are added to the verbal noun.
     ne kedam (ahut) an(ta) la pecobomla
     ‘he will be eating until I go (until
     the time of my going)’
     la kevaan ne dobomjila
     ‘I will be staying until his coming’

also indicates that the action mentioned by the finite verb takes place in spite of the fact that the action mentioned by the non-finite verb takes place.

     ne carlipame anta ne porikha pheldet
     ‘though I studied well, I failed in the examination’
     apran meme anta la iskul kidun
     ‘even though he is not well, he goes to school’
      ne putadet anta la an coce
      ‘even though I told him, he did not eat’

-anta also expresses the extent to which the action mentioned by the finite verb takes place.

     na ne pi anta ne depo
     ‘I will take as much as you give’
     na nepi anta ne copo
     ‘I will eat as much as you give’
     na coji anta ne napipo
    ‘I will give as much as you eat’

The adverbs qualify the verbs. They indicate the time, place and manner of action mentioned by the verb. They are broadly classified into two types, viz., primary and derived.

Primary Adverbs
They can be divided into different semantic groups, viz., time, place and manner adverbs. They may be part of the verb stem or independent. The adverbs that are part of the verb stem indicate the manner in which the action is performed.

ladak ‘here’
hadak ‘there’
rum  ‘down’
acho ‘above, up’
nahokta ‘everywhere’
aphra ‘first, before’
aphi ‘last, after’
adun ‘secondly’
kayta ‘always’
patumi  ‘yesterday’
pini ‘today’
penap ‘tomorrow’


‘at a distance’


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