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It is also common in Hmar to form compound sentences by conjoining two clauses with the help of disjunctive /ann:leh/ ‘or’. In such cases the semantic contents of one clause stand in exclusion of the other.
The following examples could be seen :
/th rh ánn:lèh thí rh/
(do) (+imp) (or) (die) (+imp)
‘you do or you die’
/inziniar ánn:lèh dà:ktr ìncúk à tìh/
(engineer) (or) (doctor)(study)(he) (will)
‘he will study engineering or medicine’
/ámà (th:) ánn:lèh à nùhmèi ìn á th ní:
(his) (work) (or) (he) (wife) (by) (she) (do) (will be)
á th/
(she) (is)
‘either he did it or his wife must have done it’
From what has gone before it is very clear that Hmar Syntax is much flexible. Word order plays no role. NPs in both the subject slot and the object slot enjoy much freedom of occurrence, although most preferred position of an object in a sentence is the beginning of the sentence. It is interesting, as cited before, to note that a pronoun representing the subject noun reoccurs preferably before the auxiliary in the VP; in respect subject pronouns (1st or 2nd person) its occurrence is optional. In many cases the main verb and the auxiliaries contract. In complex sentences the subordinate clause normally precedes the main clause. Similarly embedded clause also precedes the matrix clause. In compound sentences the clause ordering follows the natural sequence of happenings or references contained in the constituent clause.
Transformation is also relatively simple. Interrogative and negative sentences are constructed simply by addition of some interrogative and negative elements respectively at the end of sentences. Similarly, imperative sentences are also generated by adding some simple. Passive is realised only by fronting the object in the active sentence and by modulating the intonation; the verb forms do not undergo any change. Thus, it appears that the overall syntactic pattern in Hmar is very straight forward and non-native speakers of Hmar will not face any difficulty in mastering the syntactic structure of the language.






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