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/à sín à zóu tì á hrìl à/
(his) (work) (he) (finish) (that) (he) (tell) (he)
‘he told that he did his duty
As could be seen from above the subordinate or embedded clause generally precedes the main or matrix clause.
As discussed earlier; a compound sentence in Hmar is a combination of two or more simple sentences. This combination is affected by using conjunctive or disjunctive particles as sentence connectors. Compound sentences formed by using conjunctive particles /cun<chun(chun)/ ‘and’ add up the meaning of the sentences conjoined whereas those formed by using disjunctive particle /cu/1 ‘but’, and /annleh/ ‘or’ present a contrast of the meaning of the two constituent sentences or separates one sentence from the other from the view point of meaning. Here both the clauses co-ordinate each othe.
Compound Sentences formed by Conjunctive /cún/ ‘and’
It is very common in Hmar to join two simple sentences by using conjunctive /cún/ ‘and’. The two simple sentences conjoined occur following the natural sequence of the contents of these sentences. It is also possible to conjoin any two complex sentences using this conjunctive /cún/.
Given below are few examples of compound sentences formed by conjoining two simple sentences each:
/à húN à cún thú cù á hù hrìl/
(he) (come) (he) (and) (message) (the) (he) (coming) (tell)
‘he came and (he) told (=gave) the message’
/à     pá         cù    zìrtìrtú    á     nà   cún    à     nú 
(his) (father) (the) (teacher) (he) (is) (and) (his) (mother)
cù  limziektu    á    nìh/
(the)   (artist) (she) (is)
‘his father is a teacher and his mother is an artist’
/ká:r    n:k  lèh   hú     kà  tá    (cún)  lèkhàbú  (cù)
(week) (next)  (will) (come) (I) (will) (and) (book)  (the)
hù       thàk  ká tìh/
(come) (return)(I) (will)
‘I will come next week and (will) return the book’
4.7.3 Compound Sentences formed by conjoining two sentences by Disjunctive /cù/ ‘but’
It is the general convention in Hmar to use /cù/ ‘but’ to conjoin two sentences where semantic contents of one sentence oppose the other in some respect. Generally the clause carrying the positive sense precedes the clause carrying the negative or - positive sense.
Given below are few examples :
/à ríùm à cù á:n vé:t è:m/
(he) (honest)(he) (but) (he is) (fool) (very)
‘he is honest but he is a fool’
/à hú à cù à mí hùN hmù nh/
(she) (come) (she) (but) (she) (me) (come) (see) (not)
‘she came but she did not see me’
/hù kà tá cù íekhm th: n/
(come) (I) (will) (but) (any/nothing) (do work) (not) (will)
‘I will come but will not do anything’
4.7.4 Compound Sentences formed by conjoining clauses by Disjunctive /ánn:lèh/ ‘or’






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