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/yo/  ‘travelled’








‘dog, cut (vegetables)’


‘land lady, wife of the head of 
the family’


















‘lady doctor’


‘female minister’


‘female officer’



‘to itch’


‘female pupil’



Juncture is the transition or pause between the release of one phoneme and the onset of the following phoneme in the language. In a careful speech there is some pause between the words in a sentence as well as between sentences. Duration of pause is distinct to mark the word, phrase and sentence boundaries. Juncture is also found within the word such as syllabic juncture but this transition is considered negligible. Syllabic juncture marks the syllabic boundary. Besides internal juncture (within a word), word juncture (marking word boundary) phrase and junctures are described below.

Internal juncture is a transition for a longer period than taken for the syllabic juncture and is for a shorter duration than word juncture. Internal juncture is marked by hyphen/-/. This juncture mostly denotes the formation of words as it occurs at the morphemic boundary between the stem and the suffix or other derivative. This juncture is also found mostly in compound words.

Internal juncture contrasts with its absence within a word.

Examples are:


‘a big wooden: 

/kn-ao/   ‘one having ears’

made utensil

used to knead

the flour for

making chapatis’


‘ladle’ : 

/dnd-ai/  ‘one having teeth’


‘a Sikh’ : 


‘a land-lord who

helps in the realization

of revenue’


‘banks, shores’ : 



A few more examples may be cited in which the internal juncture occurs.


‘a male baby born with the effect 
of eclipse’






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