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/-cch-/  /bccho/  ‘calf’


‘churning rod’





/tkku/  ‘spindle’






/chIggo/  ‘sixteenth’


/lmmo/  ‘tall’







/sssu/  ‘mother-in-law’


/tllo/  ‘ground, plane land’
/sIllo/  ‘head/ear of the corn’


 Fortis Consonants:

Fortis consonants are pronounced with stronger articulation and they are bit tensed consonants. All those consonants which occur geminated also occur as fortis. In the language such consonants occur only after /i e a o u/ vowels in the intervocalic position of open disyllabic words. These consonants do not contrast with geminates as well as lenis but because of their closeness to lenis consonants these have been treated as allophones of lenis consonants.







‘father’s sister’s husband’












‘grand father’








[koţh.i]  ‘room’





[cac.o]  ‘uncle’






‘cotton cloth’

















[jam.o]  ‘frock’






‘mother’s sister’s husband’


[kil.i]  ‘axle’

         (iii) Lenis Consonants:


Short/Lenis consonants are produced with weaker lax articulation. These consonants occur in all the positions and contrast with geminated consonants.

In this section the vowel sequences and consonant clusters will be described in various positions.

At the most sequences of two vowels can occur in the language. Vowel sequences are possible in all the three positions viz. initial, medial and final. There are restrictions on the sequences of vowels:

       (i) // and // do not participate at all in the vowel sequence.


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