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(ii) khakhģ occurring as an alternant form of lakhģ after the numeral cFé `ten’, stFi ¸ `thirty’
(iii) khģ after lakhģ `one’ indicating distributive characteristics and
(iv) lakhģ occurring elsewhere e.g.

atöFś `first’
cFkhakhģ                           cFélakhģ `eleven’
sF khakhģ sF lakhģ `one by one or one each’
lakhģ `one’
muku lakhģ `twenty one’
cFlakhģ `eleven’
sFlakhģ `thirty one’
akhč lakhģ `one hundred’

Between the alternant forms cöFé lakhģ, siFö ¸ lakhģ and cöFé khakhģ, söFö ¸ khakhi ¸, the latter sets with khakh are of high frequency.
2. The numeral bidģ `four’ has another allomorph viz. bdģ occurring in free variation with bidi, in the fast pronunciation, when it is in construction with any other numeral, as in:

lhobidģ ~ lhobdģ `forty’

3. The numeral cöFé `ten’ has four allomorphs. These are

(1) cöFé occurring before primary numerals when the relationship between the two is that of summation.

(2) lho occurs before the primary numerals when the relationship between them is that of multiplication.

(3)tonhe occurs after khé `hundred’ and cöFé elsewhere (i.e., in pre-pause position and before the ordinal marker) e.g.

cF kini `twelve’
lhobidģ ~ lhobdi `forty’
khčthone `thousand’
cF `ten’ etc.

(4) The numeral akhé `hundred’ has two allomorphs. These are kha- occurring before ton he `ten’ and before ordinal marker and akhč occurring elsewhere

khčtonhe `thousand’
akhčś `hundredth’
akhč `hundred’

3.2.4 The grammatical categories of the nominals
Number, gender and case are the three grammatical categories that occur with the nouns/pronouns in Sema. A brief discussion of each of these categories follows: Number
The grammatical category of number is basically the property of the noun phrase and usually the plural marker occurs as the last constituent in a NP in Sema. The grammatical category of number when marked overtly can occur with nouns, pronouns, adjectives including the demonstrative adjectives, as in:

timģ `man’ timģ qó `men’
timģ kiwi `good man’ timģ kiwiqó `good men’
pa `he’ pannó´ł `they’
hi `this’ hipaqó `these’
timģ kiwģ hi `this good man’ timģ kiwi hipaqó `these good men’

A brief statement regarding the use/restriction of the occurrence of the category of number with different grammatical classes follows:
(i) Nouns
The nouns in Sema are capable of showing a two-way opposition in number1, i.e. singular v/s plural. While the singular is left unmarked, the plural is marked by the plural morpheme qó. In the use of the grammatical category of number, the nouns do not show any distinction between nouns animate being class v/s nouns inanimate being class or between nouns human being class v/s noun non-human being class as in :

timģ `man’ timģ qó `men’
ilimģ `dame/lady’ ilimģ qó `dames/ladies’







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