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munuwa pa itche iimo
(it is) late he(will) not come now
1 2 3 4 5
1 2 5 4 3
(iii) Adverbial clause of condition
This clause is introduced by the subordinator aye `if’. The subordinator occurs at the end of the subordinate clause and the entire subordinate clause including the subordinator is preposed to the principal clause as in :
pano ii aye ino únì
1 2 3 4 5 6
`I shall go if he comes’
4 6 5 3 1 2
panó´ùno lunì simo aye ic
1 2 2 4 5 6 7
`if they don’t want, give it to me’ (imp.)
4 1 3 2 5 6 7
pano phi aye tolu nanì
1 2 3 4 5
`if he reads he will pass’
3 1 2 5 4
ino akiwisiai aye thoyu
1 2 3 4
`if I am well will come to you tomorrow’
3 1 2 3 7 6 5 4
olaw iFinì
5 6 7 8
In the negative constructions implying both if not and otherwise the negative particle mo is prefixed to the conditional subordinator, as in :
ado acpi lonb ii moaye niye únì
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
`you come in time otherwise I will go’
(lit. time word said from come not
1 2 3 4 5 6
if I go will)
7 8 9 10
ino o moaye akömla hu
1 2 3 4 5 6
smla nanì
`If I do not sit upon, the work
will not be done’
(lit. I stay not if work the do not will)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
(iv) Adverbial clause of purpose
There is no separate subordinator to introduce this clause rather, the infinitive form of the verb along with the preceding object is placed in between the subject and the predicate of the principal sentence, as in :
nono akmla phunìke wúkepu
1 2 3 4 5 6
`you must go to find work’
1 6 5 4 3 2
(lit. you work finding go must)
(v) Adverbial clause of comparison
They have the appearance of adverbial or adjectival clause and have some features in common with the adverbial clause. They are treated along with their correlative element as equivalent to a degree of adverb. If the sentence has a principal verb, the subordinator thaki `any amount’ occurs at the end of the subordinate clause and the sub-ordinator is pre-posed to the principal clause, as in :
no ckè thaki lunì
1 2 3 4 5 6
`I shall take as much as you give’
(lit. you give past any amount take will)
1 2 3 4 5 6
In the case of degrees of comparison the subordinate clause consists of the comparative marker and the item compared. The subordinate clause invariably occurs before the quality compared, but may be pre or post posed to the item to which it is compared as in :
sunaye candi nuno amekusoú
candi nuno sunaye amedkusoú
`gold is costlier than silver’
(lit. gold silver than costly)
In this section the types of clauses occurring in Sema were discussed. It is proposed to discuss of sentences in the following section.
3.7.1. The sentences in Sema can, in the first instance, be sub-divided into two, viz. minor and major type of sentences The minor type of sentences
These would usually consist of single word utterances expressing a surprise, anguish etc., which are traditionally considered as interjections. A few of the interjections available in Sema along with the situations in which each of them is used are given below :
apápá expresses a great surprise either of happy or sad event or news
aha expresses a surprise on hearing a sad news
onnemonè expresses on hearing a sad news
amhóyè expresses when someone does a prohibited act
axone expresses a form of rebuke to a person for not doing his work







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