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adjective and a verb in its participial form can be constituents of a NP. There is no fixed word-order between a qualitative adjective and the participial form of a verb functioning as an adjective, i.e., either of them can be pre-posed to the other, as in :
ilimì nuyakew lakhì
`smiling dame’
ana akkew
`a weeping child’
asbo icekewekew qhem ay `many tall fallen trees’   etc.
kutomo ~ asbo qhemay ice- kewekew kutomo
In short it may be stated that each of the sub-groups of the functional adjectives has a counterpart in the adjectives proper. These are :
(1) the noun/pronoun in the genitive with the colour adjectives.
(2) the numerals with the quantitative adjectives, and
(3) the participial form of a verb with the qualitative adjectives.
Having discussed the adjectives and their sub-grouping in sema, a brief discussion of the degrees of comparison in Sema follows. Degrees of comparison
Like most fo the other known languages, there are devices in sema also to compare certain specified quality of an item with those of others. There are two degrees of comparison, viz., comparative and superlative degrees. The comparitive is used for a comparison between two items/persons or two sets of items/persons while the superlative is required when one item/person is compared with the rest.
The comparative degree
The comparative degree is obtained in Sema by
(1) the particle of comparison nuno `than’ post-posed to the item compared to
(2) the item compared taking the focus marker and
(3) the quality used for comparison (i.e., the adjective) is norminalised by the adjective concerned taking the nominalizing particle -ú, as in :
ekiliye hatoli nuno azukiwiú `Ekili is more beautiful than Hatoli’.
The word order mentioned above is strictly observed when the item compared refers to a human being. If the item compared refers to a non-human being, the item compared to, along with the comparative particle can be pre-posed to the item compared as in :
sunaye candinuno  
  amekusoú `gold is costlier than silver’
candinuno sunaye    
awiye awonuno  
  amekusoú `mithun is costlier than pig’ etc.
awonuno awiye  
The superlative degree
The superlative degree is obtained by-
(1) the noun compared taking the focus marker
(2) the nominalizing particle ú suffixing to the intensifier and
(3) the combined form is post-posed to the quality (adjective) compared, as in :
awiye amekuso ktú `mithun is the costiliest animal’
sunaye amekuso ktú `gold is the costilest metal’
ekiliye azukiwi ktú `Ekili is the most beautiful girl’
Having discussed the adjectives and their sub-groups, their use in the degrees of comparison, a brief discussion of the incidence of the process of re-duplication with the adjectives follows : Reduplication
The morphological process of reduplication is made use of in Sema extensively to give effect to enlargement of the concept, distributive function, emphasis, etc. It occurs with different grammatical classes. In all instances the last syllable of the word is repeated. To some degree, the qualitative adjectives are also reduplicated, as in :
kize `big’ Kizeze `big-big’ (i.e. big enough for the particular purpose)
hipaqóye anipa kizeze `these are large leaves’
Which is in distinct from :
hipaqóye anipa ymono kize `these are very large leaves’
There is a slight semantic difference in between the two sentences, i.e., whereas the second sentence indicates the size in absolute or universal terms, the first one indicates only in comparative terms, viz., the leaves are just big enough for the particular purpose.







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