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The Subject Phrase
     The subject phrase is expounded by a noun phrase which consists either of a head noun or a head noun and one or more attributes preceding and/or following the head noun. The nominal piece which is built up of two or more head nouns linked by a coordinating conjunction is a coordinate noun phrase. A noun phrase formed by apposition or juxtaposition, called the appositive noun phrase, may be coordinate or attributive. A noun phrase which is neither coordinate nor attributive is rare. One such rare case is the noun phrase composed of two nouns, conjoined by the subordinating conjunction ana ‘but’.


 ai1 { mo-e2 ana3 } pfo4 not2 I1 but3 he4

{ ma2,3 }


The Attributive Noun Phrase
An Attributive NP is built up of a single head noun and one or more ____ite attributes that may precede or follow the hea dnoun.

In the Noun + Attribute constructions, the attribute that follows the noun may be an adjective, a numeral, a quantifier, a demonstrative.


1.  ocü1 kajü2 big 2 house1


 ocü1 kajü2 padi3 four3 big2 houses1


 ocü1 kajü padi3 hopfü4
  all 4 (the) four 3 big 2 houses1


 ocü kajü padi lokhru hopfü
  all those four big houses


 osi kaxi two dogs


 larübvü kapoko some books


 raho kakra kosü three white birds

As is clear, more than one attribute may be present at the same time. The concurrence of attributes has the following constraints :

a-Nonplural pronouns can not be heads of attributive noun phrases except possibly with adnominal participial attributes.

b-When the head is a plural pronoun, it can be modified either by a numeral or a quantifier.
6. 1.  ota1 padi2 four2 of us (excl. prn. & excl. pl.)1
  2.  nikhrumüi1 hopfü2 all2 of you (incl. pl.) 1

c-Logical restrictions like when the noun ends with the GN marker followed by the individuate, the noun is partially closed. Only an adjective, among post nominal attributes, can occur in such nominal pieces.
7. 1. larübvü-na-i ‘the book’
    book GN ind  
  2.  larübvü1 kazhü-na-i2 the good2 book1

An attributive noun phrase in which the attribute precedes the head noun is either an adnominal participle or a genitival phrase, the genitival being either a noun or a pronoun.


1.  sodu1 vu-ko-ru 2 minisar3
    (the) minister3 who will come2 tomorrow 1


   idu1 ai-no2 soha-ko-o3 okhe4
    (the) tiger 4 that3 I2 killed 3 yesterday1


   lohro-no1 pfo2 vu-ko-o3 larübvü4
    (the) book(s)3 that2 Lohro1 brought2


   ata-yi1 modo pi-ko-ru2 mikrümüi3
    (the) Meitei(s)3 who will teach2 us (excl. pl.& incl. prn.) 1


   ayi1 akuo2 ta-ko-o3 nieopüi 4
    (the) girl4 who went 3 with2 me1


   aiho-no1 da-ko-o2 osi-na-i3
    the dog3 that2 Daiho1 beat2


a.  iniu ‘village’


b.  ata1 iniu2 our (excl. prn. & excl. pl.)1 village2


a.  ocü ‘house’


b.  a12 my1 house2


a.  larücü ‘school’


b.  losü1 larücü2 Los*’s1 school2


a.  ocümüi ‘wife’


b.  caakho1 cümüi2 ‘Chakho’s1 wife2

There may be more than one noun in genitival relationship with the head noun.





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