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ne bahira-pen valo

‘I came from outside’

lacho aphra-pen klemtalo

‘I had done this before’

The intrusive or path case is the case of the intermediary object or path through which the action mentioned by the verb is performed. It is marked by suffixing -pen to the noun.

vo khiriki -pen ijar

‘the bird flew through the window’

la hidi abo-pen damlo

‘he went through (the middle of) the field’

ne khiriki-pen lalo

‘I saw through the window’

ne bach-pen ro damlo

‘I went to my village by bus’

etum eke-pen valo

‘we came on (our) foot’


Postpositions are formally different from case forms in that they can occur independently. Postpositions can occur with the genitive form of the noun. They are added immediately after the noun and cases such as the ablative and the particle -chi can occur after the postpositions in the phrase.
The postpositions in Karbi are listed below:

1)  -thak ‘on, above’
      ne-thak ‘on me, above me’
      netum athak ‘on us, above us’
      ne phu-thak ‘on my head, above my head’
      ne phu athak ‘on my head, above my head’
      netum aphu-thak ‘on our head’
      netum aphu athak ‘on our head’
2) -rum ‘below, under’
      pirthe chini arum do
      ‘the earth us below the sky’
      tebul arumchi kitap do
      ‘the book is below the table’
      la ne-rumchi kam klem
      ‘he works under me’
      la rum binon
      ‘keep it down’
3)  -arlo ‘inside’
       bojar arlo dukan do
       ‘there are shops inside the market’
       vokek a-um arlo do
       ‘the parrot is in the cage’
        arlo vanon
       ‘come in’

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