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pa-ini *  è pani
    ‘make someone sit’
pa-arjap* è parjap
    ‘make someone stand’
ca-arbak* è carbak
    ‘embrace each other’
ci-ihon* è cihon
    ‘love each other’

This rule applies after the application of Rule 5.
7) Some words are formed by dropping one or two syllable.
mek-aVe è meg ave è megve

lam ave è lamve
no itho è notho
keNtekok è kekok
pini nive è panive
tumi nive  è tove
    ‘yesterday night’
imum-lok è mumlok
    ‘white beard’
ino nam è nonam
    ‘lower ear’
phiju-pi è jupi
    ‘a big rat’


Morphology deals with the structure of words. The basic unit that is the focus of study in morphology is called morpheme. The formal variants of a morpheme are called allomorphs of that morpheme. The variants may be phonologically or morphologically conditioned. A morpheme may be a free or a bound form. Alternatively we can say that a word consists of one or more than one morpheme. From the point of view of its internal structure, a word may consists of its internal structure, a word may consists of (i) a root morpheme only, (ii) a root and one or more non-root morpheme, or (iii) more than one root morpheme. The non-root morphemes are bound forms and are generally referred to as affixes. Roots enter into further morphological constructions and form a base while non-roots do not.

Word formation is concerned with those words which comprise more than one meaningful components called morphemes. The common morphological processes which are involved in word formation are inflection and derivation.

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