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Vowels :
Front Vowels
 /i/ has two allophones [ I ] and [ i ]. /i/ is realized as [ I ], a lower-high front unrounded vowel initially and medially.

Examples :

Phonemic Meaning
ItI iti ‘be dark’
Ihan  ihan ‘mud’
Ičhi ichi  ‘one’
pInu  pinu ‘mother’s younger sister’
jIrpi jirpi ‘girl friend’
kalIte kalite  ‘otherwise’
mÌr mír ‘flower’
/i/ is realized as [i], a high front unrounded vowel in the final position of words.
bIni   bini ‘ornament maker’
damji damji ‘will go’
krdi kardi ‘heavy’
Ili ili ‘we, our’
krbi karbi ‘a language/people’
onti onti ‘ear ring’
/e/ has two allophones [ ] and {E}. /e/ is realized as [ ε ], a lower-mid front unrounded
vowel medially in close syllables before bilabial or alveolar consonants.
nεp nep ‘catch’
abεr aber ‘down, low’
kEdεr keder ‘late’
t pet ‘go/move near’
dvεt det ‘country’
chεt chet ‘pound rice a second time’
EnvElεp envelep ‘envelope’
/e/ is realized as [E], a mean-mid front unrounded vowel elsewhere.
mEk mek ‘wound, letter in alphabet’
ithEk ithek ‘big mole’
E E ‘expression of disagreement’
Eda eda ‘a half Mon (one Mon is forty kilogram)’
klEm  klem ‘do’
nIE nije ‘speak’
cEthE cethe ‘soul’
rUphE ruyphe ‘black cobra’

Central Vowels


/a/ has three allophones [ a ], [], and [a]. /a/ is realized as [ a ], a low-back unrounded vowel after velar and glottal consonants: (i) in

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