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4.3.1.  Simple Sentence

It is a construction which has only one main clause. A simple sentence has at least a subject and a predicate except in imperative sentences in which the subject is optional.

A simple sentence may be declarative, interrogative, imperative or negative.


The declarative sentences can be stative or active. The stative sentences state some information about the subject and may be equation, existential, possessive or descriptive. In equational sentences, the subject is identified and in Karbi there is no copula verb.

     lake me
     ‘this is a cat’
     halake ne po
     ‘he is my father’
     lahuy kitap kethe
     ‘these are big books’
     ne men robo tera
     ‘my name is Rongbong Terang’
The existential sentences describe the existence or location of a person, animal or thing. The existential verb is do ‘be’ which also means ‘stay, live’.
      ne dakchi do
      ‘I am here’
      ne nehemchi do
      ‘I am in my house’
      na ladak donon
      ‘you remain here’
      nechomar atum iskulchi do
      ‘my children are in the school’
The possessive sentences indicate that the subject is in possession of person, animal or thing. The possessive verb is the same as above.
       ne chopi i-nut do
       ‘I have one daughter’
        na hem i-hum do
        ‘you have a house’
        monit amek hini do
        ‘a man has two eyes’
In descriptive sentences, the quality, size, colour, etc., of the subject noun is described.
       arvo lir
       ‘the leaf is green’
       lacho alo ituy
       ‘this hill is high’
        ne jondilen
        ‘I am tall’

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