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Double Causative

The double causative indicates that there are two object nouns and the subject causes an object to perform the action mentioned by the verb. It is formed by adding pa- to the causative form of the verb.

     ne pa-pe-chalo

     ‘I make (someone) to make (someone else) eat’

      ocho an pa-pi-cotha

      ‘make (someone) to feed (make eat) the hcild’

      ne mir pa-paphar

      ‘I made (someone) to bloom (make blossom) the flower’

The reflexive prefix is cv- and it indicates that the subject itself is the object. The reflexive occurs only with the transitive and causative verbs.

ihon cihon
‘love’ ‘love oneself’
pithi cipithi
‘kill (make die)’
‘kill oneself’
ijincho cijincho
‘pity’  ‘pity oneself’
pajincho ‘make (someone) to pity’
cepajincho ‘make (someone) to pity

The reciprocal indicates that the subject and the object reciprocate the action mentioned by the verb. It is marked with the prefix cv- and occurs with the transitive and causative verbs.
ar?u car?u
‘kiss each other’
ihon cihon
‘love each other’
patora cepatora
‘trouble each
3.4.2.  Types of Verbs

Verbs are divided into two types, viz., finite and non-finite. A finite verb completes a sentence formally and semantically. A non-finite verb does not complete a sentence and hence it requires a finite verb to complete the sentence.

Finite Verbs
The finite verb takes the morphemes for tense, perfect, imperative, negation and interrogative. The tense marker occurs after the other markers if both are present.

The tense indicates the time of action mentioned by the verb with reference to the time of the speech act. There are three tenses in Karbi, viz., the past, the present and future.

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