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la hem kethe-lo  ‘it is a big house’
la kethe ahem-lo ‘it is a big house’

Verbs are those roots which take the morphemes for tense, aspect and mood. Verbs can be analysed into a set of verbal roots and a set of affixes. The verb roots are of two types, viz., simple and derived. The simple roots are monosyllabic or disyllabic. Many of the disyllabic roots begin with i- or ar- which occur with noun roots also. The derived roots are formed by compounding or derivation.

3.4.1. Verb Classes

The verbs may be broadly divided into two classes, viz., stative and active verbs. These two classes of verbs behave differently to express negation. Also the stative verbs do not take the transitive and causative prefixes whereas the active verbs take these prefixes.

Stative Verbs

The existential and the possessive verb do ‘be, stay, have’ and the nominal predicates and the descriptive predicates are the stative verbs in Karbi.

In existential and possessive sentences, negation is expressed by the suppletive verb ave ‘be not, do not have’. The possessive negation is also expressed by adding the negative marker -e after reduplicating the consonant d of the verbal root.

la hemchi do ‘he is at home’
la hem ave  ‘he is not at home’
la hem dobe ‘he does not stay at home’
hadak ok do  ‘there is fish’
hadak ok ave ‘there is no fish’
na hem do ‘you have a house’
na hem ave ‘you do not have a house’

     monit ake honi do

 ‘man has two legs’

          monit ake hophli ave

                   ‘man does not have four legs’

                      monit kayta ake hophli dode

          ‘man never has four legs’

Note that ave can be followed by the verbal markers.
The equation sentences, negation is expressed by adding the form kali after the nominal predicate.
la thepi ‘it is a tree’
la thepi kali
‘it is not a tree’
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