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Gender distinction in Bhumij may be divided into three: gender in human, gender in animal and gender in bird. Gender distinction is not marked consistently morphologically, though it is possible to say roughly -a fo rmasculine and -i for feminine in human. The following words have their gender marking at the end systematically.

mis - i 


ko - a 


ku - i 


hag - a 


day - i 

‘elder sister’

dad - a 

‘elder brother’

Though it is possible to separate the gender marker as shown above, they can not be treated as such since there are no regular phonological correspondences in the root morphemes like dad, day etc. Further, the words such as aba ‘father’ ma ‘mother’ Konea, ‘bride’ bor ‘bridegroom’ mamu ‘mother’s brother’, do not carry the gender marker.

However, there are adjectives which carry gender marker regularly as shown below :

- a 


‘blind man’

ka - i 


‘blind woman’

k:nd - a 


‘dumb man’

k:nd - i

 ku ‘dumb woman’

laŋga - a 

h  ‘lame man’

laŋga - i 

kui  ‘lame women’

r:g - a 

h  ‘diseased man’

r:g - i 

ku ‘diseased woman’

Three adjectival forms are used to distinguish gender both in animals and in birds. They are aia, sai and eŋga.

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