Download Sema Book

tones. While the falling and raising tones are marked by a super script the level tone is left unmarked. The vowels including the tones mentioned above are set up on the basis of the oppositional features found within a word. Given below are a few words for illustrating these oppositional features found amongst them. Vowels /i, e, a, o, u, ö/

  Word    initial
  apu   `father’
  ipu `my father’
  opu `your father’
  Word   medial
  phiwe `read(Past)’
  phewe `sang’
  phawe `washed’
  howep `smoked’
  phuwe `exposed’
  Ftwe  `reserved’
  Word   final
  Fi `also’
  Fe `to make road’
  Fa `expose’
  Fo `wrap’
  Fu `rain’
  Fi `laying foundation for weaving
(i) apś `son’
  apu `father’
  apł `mushroom’
(ii) thį `filter(v)’
  tha `ignore’
  thą `cut’
(iii) `to mark’
  ce `give way’
  `come’ The distribution of the positional variants of the vowels
 /i/. It is a close front unrounded vowel. It does not have any perceptible positional variant. It does not have any special limitation in its occurrence. Given below are a few words showing the occurrence of this vowel.

[i] [pi] /pi/ `say’
  [s&i] /si/ `do’
  [hi] /hi/ `take out’
  [s&wuve] /siwuwe) `become’
  [vilopi] /wilopi/ `tell him’
  [iFöva] /iFöwa/ `come in’
  [is&i] /isi/ `today’
  [Ćlķ] /alķ/ `a female mithun which has not yet born a calf’
  [Ćli] /ali/ `a male pig’
  [Ćlģ] /alģ/ `a pot’

/e/. It is half-close front unrounded vowel. When /e/ occurs before a word-final /y/, it has [E] as a positional variant. [E] is a front unrounded vowel, occurring mid-way between half-close and half-open positions. In the wor-initial position /e/ is found to occur only in a single word. Given below are a few words for illustrating the occurrence of this phoneme.

[e] [ĆńhČi9] /anhčy/ `old’ (discarded)
  [yeqµnhEi9] /yeqönhey] `quick’
  [ĆkhonhEi9] /akhonhey/ `knee’
[e] [eno] /eno/ `among’
  [Ćńhekikhķ] /anhekikhķ/ `eyebrow’
  [z&ek] /zekś/ `name’
  [qesa] /qesa/ `boast’
  [s&eqhe] /seqhe/ `admire’
  [pe] /pe/ `paddy shoot’
  [hč] /hč/ `beating’
  [Ćs&e] /ase/ `hem’
  [Ćmic&č] /amicč/ `any object that become smaller’
  [mic&e] /mice/ `taste’
  [micč&] /micč/ `act of walking with crossed legs’







Sema Index Page
FeedBack | Contact Us | Home
ciil grammar footer