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A vowel constitutes the peak of a syllable and forms vocalic cluster within the same syllable in diphthong. No consonant cluster within a syllable.
Here, ‘V’ denotes any vowel , a non-syllabic vowel and ‘C’ any consonant, since any vowel precedes or follows any consonant with the restrictions that//does not begin a syllable and /h/ does not end it, and also that /s/ cannot be a word-final. Again, since a long vawal is interpreted as a double vowel it is to be represented as /VV/, however, when we have /VV/ of identical vowels, there is no change in peak sonority, i.e., they do not form two syllables.
Now, taking the syllable as the basic constituent of an utterance, of whatever semantic construction, we can conclude that the whole utterance is a sequence of syllables and since a syllable is any one of the seven kinds of phonologic structure, the whole utterance is a combination of those syllable types, as in the case of a word.
Any corpus of Munda speech from a syllable to a long utterance can be represented by a structural formula:
, where the segments within the parenthesis may or may not occur, while the ‘C’ in bracket is still optional (so that the whole stretch VVCC does not takeplace) and * indicates that each occurs exclusive to the other. Here the symbol ‘C’ serves two important purposes - (i) it is a limiting point for the syllable beginning with a V, while it itself may or may not be included in it, and (ii) it is an originating point for the syllable beginning with C, for which the precedingpart is zero. The restriction with //,/s/ and /h/ holds good in a full utterance as well. By this frame any conbination of syllables ranging from a single V to CVC listed above can be explained. Therefore, a whole utterance will be a repetition of such sequences in any combination.
1.13. Stress and prominence:
1.13.1. Stress in Mundari is not significant. It is predictable and therefore non-phonemic. On word level it may be heard in following situation:
(i) If a vowel precedes a glottal stop or a pre-glottalized sound, the vowel is tense, short and stressed heavily.
(ii) Any vocalic suffix which occurs in word-final and is isolated by an intervening juncture, becomes stressed.
(iii) The initial vowel in a word which constitutes a syllable by itself in a di-syllabic word is optiionally stressed.
(iv) A syllable is stressed expressely to indicate emphasis for intensity (as will be discussed in § 1.14 shortly).
The examples for the four occurrences may be illustrated by the following words in isolation [ą?d] ‘to lose’, [tana -č] ‘does he’, [ąpe] ‘you (plural)’, [bugģn] ‘very very good’ and so on.
With reference to a sentence, the distribution of stress is difficult to be distinguished fromn the rise of pitch. While in a word it does not essentially go with the high pitch as in [laaģ?] ‘stomach’, in a sentence it always coincides with the high pitch and becomes indistinct.
Stress in Mundari does not, generally, occur with length, rather the vowel becomes short and tense when stressed.
1.13.2. The prominence is a feature which makes a syllable relatively loud with respect to the neighbouring syllables (except





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