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Simple Stems :
These are monomorphemic stems and are further unanalyzable. They are four in number.

(a)  The pronoun /syā/ replaces human nouns.
(b)  The pronoun /hanś/ replaces nouns with a spatial reference.
(c)  The pronoun /sķmthą/ replaces concrete non-human nouns.
(d)  The pronoun /jya/ replaces abstract nouns and nouns with demonstrative/abstract reference.
 (a) /syā/ `who’
(b) /hanś/  `where’
(c)/smthą/ `whatnon-human being/object’
(d) /jya/

 `what abstract quality’`what kind of object/non-human being’


Primary Derived Stems :
These are polymorphemic stems analyzable into two bound morphemes.

/kadi-gõ/  `when’



Secondary Derived Stems :
These are composed of one simple stem and one or more bound morphemes.

/hanś-wacyą/  `whither/where to’



Compound Stems :

These are composed of two or more simple stems.

/jya-kįnįm/ `why’

Demonstrative Pronouns :

/é/ `this’
/wé/ `that’


The demonstrative pronouns show only proximate-remote distinction.

Case :

Case the grammatical category that relates the noun phrases to the predicate in a sentence. The syntactic-semantic relationships that exist between the noun phrases and the predicate are termed case relations. Thus genitive, a nominal relation, is eliminated from the case system. The Mishmi case system is composed of six cases.

(1) Nominative.
(2) Accusative.
(3) Dative.
(4) Ablative.
(5) Instrumental.
(6) Locative.

These cases are marked either by overt morphemes or by the position of the Noun Phrase in the sentence int he sentence. The morphemes are mostly suffixes. Some spatio-temporal adverbs

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