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separate lexical items for singular and plural.

/h/ `I’
/n/ `we’
/nyś/ `you (sg.)’

 `you (pl.)’

  Pronouns :

 Pronouns form a subclass of nouns. They are anaphoric, in the sense, that they replace          nouns   in a sentence. They are distinguished from nouns by the criterion of person. Nouns are always in third person. Pronouns occur with reference to three persons, viz., the speaker, the    person addressed to and the rest.

 The major classification of pronouns is into personal and interrogative pronouns.

  Personal Pronouns :

They constitute one of the several classes of elements whose meaning is to be stated with reference to `Diexis’, i.e., the spatio-temporal situation of the utterance. In different situations, the nouns are replaced by different pronouns. The choice of replacement is based on the following criteria.


Referent in the Utterance :
The person or the thing referred to in the sentence. This shows a three-way apposition.

First person;  
Referent is the speaker of the utterance.
Second person :  
Referent is the person to whom the utterance is addressed.
Third person :  
Referent is someone other than the above two.

 Gender Reference :

By virtue of the definition of language, the speaker and the listener are always human or presumed to have human characteristics. However, the third person can refer to any gender. A lexical distinction is made for third person between human and non-human in a restricted environment.


Diexis :

The speaker and the listener do not have any diectic characteristics. It is significant for third person and incorporated two types of distinctions.


Proximity :

It indicates whether the referent in the utterance is near the speaker or far away from him, in space as well as time giving rise to two distinctions, viz., proximate and remote. No further distinctions are made for proximate.

(b) Visibility :

However, the remote third person is distinguished for visibility. It indicates whether the referent is within the range of vision of the speaker or not. The reference is more to the knowledge of the speaker as to whether

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