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/mąl/   [mąl]   `breadfruit’
/chõdą/ [chõdą] `planet’
/įr/  [?įr]  `moth’
Consonants :
The allophonic variants of consonants fall under four heads. The first three are the variants and the norms are listed under the fourth. The environment is specified for the variants. The norms occur in all environments other than those in which their variants occur.

Devoicing and Non-release :
These two features go together. The order of the rules is (i) the voiced stops are unreleased before a pause and (ii) the stops are unreleased before a pause. This, in affect, gives rise to what is known as `Neutralization’. That is, before a pause, both voiced stops and voiceless stops share the same allophone, viz., the voiceless unreleased stop. What it means is that the apposition `voiced vs. voiceless’ is neutralized before a pause.

/dyįp/  [dyįp’] `greengram’
/mįbįp/ [mįbĮp’]  `fox’
/kąb/  [kąp’]  `bulbul’
/tarįb/ [tarĮp’]  `creeper’
/macįb/  [macĮp’] `cow’
/tabįb/ [tabĮp’] `snake’
/glebįb/ [glebĮp'] `duck'
/dįyk/ [dįyk’]  `language’
/paréyk/  [paréyk’]  `frog’
/sąg/  [sąk’]  `nest’
/hagrąyg/ [hagrąyk’]  `flying-squirrel’
/kwįg/  [kwįk’] `dog’

 Labialization :
The bilabial stops are labialized* before the vowels /e/ and //.

/pé/  [pwé ]  `winnowing pan’
/tap/  [tapw]  `meal’
/hįbč/ [hįbwč]  `cripple’


 `metal plate’
Lengthening :

The velar nasal is lengthened when it occurs as the coda of a syllable carrying a rising-falling tone. Here the length is in complementation with the vowel length, i.e., the nasal is lengthened only when the vowel remains short. It is not predictable, since there is only one example in the language for this variant. However, the complementation can be illustrated by an example.

* Ladefoged speaks of labialized bilabial consonants in his Preliminaries to Linguistics Phonetics "Labial consonants, just like other consonants, can have added lip-rounding which may be contrastive" (p.65).





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