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(iii) Sensory Actions :

These are non-physical actions executed by the agent through his sense organs.

/hw-/ `to see’
-/ `to sleep’
/thra-/ `to listen’
/maró-/ `to speak’
/hak-/ `to show’

`to smell’

(iv) Actions :

These are physical activities executed by the agent.

/syé-/ `to kill’
/lįkõ-/ `to destroy’
/hilā-/ `to hit’
/p-/ `to kick’
/thį-/ `to eat’
/wķ-/ `to bark’
/dś-/ `to jump’

`to kneel’


Structure of Verbs :
A verb, in Mishmi, consists of a stem or a combination of stems followed by various suffixes. The suffixes are a verbalizer, a concord marker, a mood marker, an aspect marker, a negativizer and primary and secondary reportive markers. The structure is illustrated in 2.5.3.A.

          <---- Stem Formation --->  <---------- Infexion--------->  

The formation can follow along any of the paths, but always towards the right. However, change of levels is unrestricted.

Co-occurrence Restrictions :


Mood and aspect are mutually exclusive.


Inflexion of the verb for tense and/or mood is obligatory.


Aspect inflexion presupposes tense inflexion.


The negative suffix can occur twice.


The secondary reportive suffix occurs only when the verb already has the primary reportive suffix and occurs to the left of it.


Stem compounds do not take a verbalizer.

The Mishmi verb formation reveals two structural layers. Each is characterized by specific morphological processes with different functions.  

Stem Formation - Inner Structure of Verbs :

The inner structure of verbs centers on simple stems and the morphological processes





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