Download Karbi Book

     alali nahokta laphan lolelo
     ‘she did not find it anywhere’
     ne arni vata bap kapacovey aphan celoapi vi
     ‘I use to take the buffalo for grazing everyday’
Word order refers to the linear sequence in which words occur in sentences. This section deals with word order in simple sentences.
The predominant word order in simple sentences of Karbi is SOV (S, the subject, O, the object, V, the verb). But OSV is also grammatical in most of the sentences. In imperative sentences, the subject is aoptional.
     la vo pithilo
     S  O   V
     ‘he kills the bird’
     alaliphan ocho lalo
     O     S             V
     ‘the child sees him’
     (na) la-phan coknon
     (S)     O         V
     ‘(you) beat him’
If both the direct and indirect objects are present, one order is preferred over the other in some sentences.
la nephan nepinon
D.O. I.O. V
laphan tomo thannon
I.O.  D.O. V
'tell her a story’

The case nouns (other than genitive) and the nouns with post positions follow the subject generally.
     ne napen vapo
     ‘I will come along with you’
     la nechon thakthak
     ‘he looks like me’
     kitap tebul arumchi do
     ‘the book is below the table’
     methan nenu valo
     ‘the dog came behind me’
     ne hem damlo
     ‘I went home’
The order can be changed in many of the above sentences. In some sentences, the case nouns precede the subject preferably.
     thepipen arvo ijirlo
    ‘the leaves fall from the tree’
     alalilo ne damde
     ‘I will not go with him’

When two predicate noun phrases occur in the sentence, then the order is as follows. The source noun precedes the nouns denoting direct object or goal.





Karbi Index Page
FeedBack | Contact Us | Home
ciil grammar footer