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carries the sense of /hrìl/ and it shows only repetitive occurrence. In case /hril/ is not used /ti/ could be shifted and used in its place. It is also possible to split the matrix clause and inset the embedded clause in between the subject NP and VP of the matrix clause.
Thus it appears that the clause ordering is very flexible in Hmar. The embedded clause may follow or precede the matrix clause or even split the matrix clause to inset itself in it, but in most cases, the embedded clause remains intact.
In many languages the infinitives verb phrase, in a sense, is embedded in the matrix sentence. This is true of Hmar also. Here the infinitives verb phrase is nothing but the simple present tense verb form only and it occurs just before the principal finite verb. Such a sentence less the infinitives verb phrase is perfectly a meaningful sentence. The following examples where the infinitives verb phrase is put in the {....} could be seen:
thípù   ká   {dn}   nùom
(tea)    (I)    (drink)    (like)
‘I like to drink tea’
hlá         á    {sàk}   nùom
(song) (she)  (sing)   (like)
‘she likes to sing a song’
à hmú díìn kán và fè tàh
(hime) (meat) (for) (we) (there) (go)+ past)
‘we went there to meet him’
{sàhùon én}   dììn   à      hú       tàh
(zoo)    (see)  (for)   (he) (come)+ past)
‘he came here to see zoo’
In the first two examples the infinitives verb phrases consist of one word each and they appear, in the surface structure as well as deep structure, at the middle of the matrix clause. But in the other two examples there is a difference between surface structure and deep structure realisations; although the infinitives verb phrases look like appearing at the beginning of the clause, they are in fact, in the deep structure realisation, inset in the middle of the matrix clauses.
The kernal sentences in Hmar, as in most other languages, undergo various kinds of transformation in order to generate negative, interrogative and passive sentences. It may, however, be seen that the patterns of transformation in this langauge, by and large, are simple and straight forward. This is simple because the structure of verbs in Hmar is very simple. It would be interesting to look into various kinds of transformations in the context of various kinds of verb structures.






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