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acts. A statement may again have two manifestations, a positive statement or a negative statement. Hmar manifests all these.
As stated in the course of the discussion a simple sentence in Hmar consists of a VP alone or a combination of an NP and VP. It is, therefore, necessary to look at the phrase structure of NPs and VPs i.e. how NPs and VPs in Hmar are made up of.
If a simple sentence in Hmar is dissected into subject and predicates slots the subject slot is obviously represented by a noun phrase, in short, and NP. The predicate slot, on the other hand, is represented by a large verb phrase, in short, a VP, which again may consist of an NP+ a VP. Thus, a simple sentence in Hmar is essentially made up of one or more NP (s) and one VP. The analysis of the syntactic structure of a sentence is nothing but the analysis of the structures of constituent phrases.
Structure of NP
An NP, either in the subject slot, or, in the object slot, may consist of a noun alone. In the sentence given below.
the NP in the subject slot is represented by /náupá/ ‘boy’ alone. The NP could be expanded by adding another constituent such as a demonstrative pronoun. It may be noted that demonstrative pronouns in Hmar show a peculiar behavior; they occur in duplicate, once before the nouns and then after the nouns. When one wants to use a demonstrative pronoun, i.e. /s/ ‘that’, the above sentence will obtain the form such as given below :
Thus, an NP consisting of any demonstrative pronoun (dp) would have a structure such as /dp-N-dp/.
It is possible to have further expansion of this NP by adding a further constituent such as an adjective. As encountered before, the rightful position of an adjective in an NP is just after the noun. When one wants to add another constituent /ìnsá:/ ‘tall’ to the above NP it would appear as under:






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