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equal in number and still the communication takes place between them. There are also Punchi and Kagani speakers around them. It is interesting to note in a village where there is a mixed population the Gujjars usually will have their settlements on a much higher altitude than the non Gujjars.

Further their contact with various languages depends upon the place of habitation, the routes to their summer patures and trade with the people. Thus in the area where whatever the language is dominant must have influenced Gojri of that region. So Gojri in Jammu and Kashmir is influenced by Dogri, Pahari, Kashmiri etc. And because of contacts with various languages in different regions all Gujars in Jammu and Kashmir may not be speaking the same variety of Gojri rather there are regional variations within the Gojri of Jammu and Kashmir, Baniari boli (the language of Dodhi Gujars) has more influence of Dogri and Gojri spoken in Kashmir villages must have the influence of Kashmiri. A systematic investigation may relect the regional variations in Gojri of Jammu and Kashmir.
According to local sources Gojri of Poonch is more acceptable because it has less influence of other languages over it. And there is another notion that Gujars came from Gujarat in batches and went on settling in Jammu and Kashmir and the Gujjars of Poonch and Rajauri districts belong to the later stock as compared to the Gujars of other districts such as compared to the Gujars of other districts such as Srinagar, Anantnag etc. As a whole there is no doubt about that Gujjars are immigrants in Jammu and Kashmir.
Gojri is, without doubt, an Indo-Aryan language of Central group. There are references to Gojri/Gujuri in Grierson’s LSI and in the work The Languages of the Northern Himalayas of T. Graham Bailey (1908). Their descriptions are very brief and they hardly speak of phonetics and phonology of this language. Grierson points out the closeness of Gojri with Rajasthani in 190110 "-it is a curious and noteworthy fact that we find in the mountains of Kashmir a dialect of a language spoken so many hundreds miles to their south east." To be very specific Grierson has classified Gujari as a dialect of Rajastani closer to Mewati and the same is being followed by Chatterji.11 In Grierson’s words, "One of two things is quite certain either Gujuri is a form of Rajastani or conversely Rajasthani is a form of Gujuri, and resemblance of Gujuri to Mewari is very striking. But still closer is the resemblance of Gujari to the Mewati dialect of Rajasthani, spoken in Alwar some distance to north of Mewar and separated from the state by the territory of Jaipur. Putting the linguistic position of Gujuri in its broadest terms, we may say that it is related to the dialects of East Central Rajputana and that its closest relative is Mewati"12
Presently Gojri shares certain common retentions with Panjabi within the Central group of Inner-sub-

10 Grierson, G.A.Op.cit. § 586.

11 Chatterji, S.K. The Origin and Development of the Bengali Langauge, Vol.I, 1926.p.9.

12 Grierson, G.A. Linguistic Survery of India Vol. IX, Part IV, Reprint 1968. p. 925.


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