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0.1. According to 19611 census Gojri is spoken by 2,09,327 speakers in Jammu and Kashmir by Gujjars a semi-nomadic tribe and according to 19712 census it is spoken by 3,30,485 persons. This is third largest spoken language in Jammu and Kashmir state in the order Kshmiri, Dogri and Gojri. They are spread in all the districts of Jammu and Kashmir state except Ladakh and the concentration of their population is in Poonch and Rajourri districts of Jammu and Kashmir. According to the 1961 census, the languages given as Gujjari and Gujari which are spoken by the Gujjar nomads in Himachal Pradesh (Gujari 1448) and Madhya Pradesh (Gujari 453) may be same as Gojri or as dialects or Gojri. Besides India Gojri speakers are also found in Pakishan occupied part of Kashmir. The number of Gojri speakers in that area may be around two lakhs. And this Gojri 

1Nigam, R.C.Langauges hand book on mother tongues in census. Census Centenary Monograph No.


 resembles Gojri of Jammu and Kashmir6 because the speakers of the language are the same people separated by political boundaries. Besides Bakarwali returned by 5941 speakers in 1961and treated as unclassified is considered by Gujjars a form of Gojari with hardly any variation. The fact seems to be that Gujjars and Bakarwals were the same people but are now separated from each other because of their different professions. Bakarwals mainly keep goat and sheep and Gujjars keep buffaloes and cows. Among Gujjars and Bakarwals there are further two sub groupings based on the possession of agricultural lands. Bakarwals are mostly landless and most of the time they go after their goats and sheep from one place to another in search of grass. The Gujjars mostly own lands but Dodhi or Banaira Gujjars do not have lands and so they are fully nomads. But all of them are one in one respect as they all go to their respective summer pastures located at the high hills for grazing their herds and in that respect they all are pastoral nomads. The investigator for this study has collected data from the Gujjars who own lands and go to their pasture during summer and rainy seasons. They call their summer pastures as òk where they usually spend four to five months from April to August. In their  òk there is always a danger of wild animals to their live to be very careful. Besides they also have to bear biting cold and rainly seasons. Thus their life is quite hard. The old persons usually live behind in their settlements to take care of their crops and grass. They, thus are agriculture-pastoral seminonads. They grow maize as it is their staple food. Each settlement is quite apart from the other, may be due to hill topography. And the dividing lines between the villages are usually hills, river, etc.  
The name Gujjar appears in Sanskrit inscriptions as Gurjar and nobody can doubt that the modern Gujars represent the ancieny Gurjaras. The earliest reference to these people occurs in the Harshacharita, a work of the early part of the 7the century A.D. According to one modern theory, which however has not been accepted by all the scholars, the Gurjars entered India, together with Hūas and other marauding tribes about 6th century A.D.3 According to another view, Gurjara or Gujar were an important Hūa tribe, who entered India about 4th century A.D.4 Grierson5 in 1901 in the chapter on Language says about Gujars while talking of Rajasthani, "Before finally leaving the consideration of Rajasthani, it is necessary to mention the interesting tribe of Gujjars, or Gujars, who appear, to have entered India from the north west in about the 5th century A.D. There are two branches of them-a Northern and a Southern. The Southern Gujarat. The Northern spread over the Punjab, where they gave their name to two districts (Gujarat and Gujrānwalā in Pakistan) and the Western part of the
3Rawlison, H.G. India-A Short Cultural History. London 1937. cf. p.111.
4Walker, Benjamin: Hindu World (An Encyclopedic Survey of Hinduism) Vol. 1,p.468.
5Census of India, (1901). Vol. I, pt I. Report § 586.






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