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?th-  olta?th ‘author’
-mp-  pampai ‘butterfly’


Final two consonant clusters :
-?p hapu?p ‘to embrace’
-?t  puttri?t ‘foam’
-nt  ka:nt ‘wall’



There may be many ways for the syllabic cut. However, it could be done by observing the way the native speaker pronounces the words. Further, there is a natural tendency of syllabic cut, based on the human vocal mechanism. There may be the combination of words. For example, lelke-daiŋ is the combination of three morphemes. So, the syllabic cut can be made as lel-ked-aiŋ rather than some other way. The word aiŋ is a single morpheme with vowel clusters. So, this could be treated as a single syllable. The same way the word hai may be considered.

The word jilu akhriŋh ‘butcher’ may be syllabified as ji-lua-khriŋ-h- but this may not be correct because jilu is a word, akhriN is another word and h is another word. So, it is better to divide as ji-lu-akh-riŋ h- rather than the other way.

The sequence of phonemes with a single peak sonority is a syllable. There may be one or more syllables ina word. In each syllable, the vowel is the peak of sonority, and is called the nucleus of the syllable. The nucleus may be preceded and followed by one or more consonants. The preceding consonants are called onset of the syllable and the following consonants are called coda of the syllable. If the syllable ends in a vowel, it is called as open syllable and if it ends in a consonant, it is called a closed syllable.

The words in Bhumij consist of one to six syllables, though the word with two syllables are common. The following are the different syllabic patterns of Bhumij.


Monosyllabic words :
a. open syllable: c v (v)  
c v ti ‘hand’
c v v hai ‘fish’    
b. closed syllable (c) (c) (v) vc (c)  
vc il ‘feather’
vvc  aiŋ ‘I’
cvs hon ‘child’
ccvc  swan ‘to smell’
vcc ’u?l ‘mushroom’
cvcc ka:nt ‘wall’


Disyllabic words :

a. second syllable is open
 (c) v (v) (c) - (c) cv (v)
v-cv  aba ‘father’
cv-cv  haga ‘brother’
vc-cv  ekla ‘to shiver’
cvc-cv  dalki ‘swamp’
cvv-cv piaji ‘onion’
cvc-ccvv pampai ‘butterfly’

b. second syllable is closed : -
(c) (c) v (c) cvc (c)
v-cvc ačar ‘pickle’
vc-cvc  iskul ‘school’
cvc-cvc datrum ‘sickle’
ccv-cvc srabn ‘name of month (Jul-ug.)’




‘to embrace’


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